Drugs

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs)

Type of Drug: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEls); drugs used to lower blood pressure. How the Drug Works: Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is involved in certain chemical reactions that constrict (narrow) blood vessels and cause sodium and fluid retention by the kidney. This can cause an increase in blood pressure. …

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Occult Blood Tests

How the Drug Works Tests for occult blood screen for unseen blood cells in the stool itself or in the toilet water around the stool. Specially treated pads turn a different color in the presence of blood. Occult blood in the stool (feces) may be an indication of a disease …

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Glucose Levels in Urine

How the Drug Works Glucose does not normally appear in the urine, but when too much glucose builds up in the blood, the excess spills over from the kidney into the urine where it can be detected by specially designed plastic test strips and reagent tablets containing chemicals which detect …

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Ovulation and its Prediction Kits

How the Drug Works Ovulation predictor kits test for the presence of luteinizing hormone (LH) in the urine. The pituitary gland increases LH production 12 to 16 days before menstruation begins. This “LH surge” causes an ovarian follicle to rupture and releases a mature egg in 1 to 1.5 days …

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Difenoxin And Diphenoxylate – The Pain Relievers

How The Drug Works Difenoxin and diphenoxylate, related to the narcotic pain reliever meperidine, act on intestinal tract muscles and slow intestinal motility. Atropine is present to discourage deliberate misuse of these drugs. Uses To relieve diarrhea. Pregnancy: Adequate studies have not been done in pregnant women. Use only if …

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Citalopram Hydrobromide – An Antidepressant Drug

Type of Drug: Antidepressant; mood-elevating agent. How the Drug Works: Citalopram blocks the uptake of a chemical found in the brain (serotonin) which increases the activity of this chemical, resulting in improved mood. Uses: To treat depression. Pregnancy: Adequate studies have not been done in pregnant women. Use only if …

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Colchicine and its use for the treatment in various diseases

Type of Drug: Agent for treating acute gout attacks and preventing or delaying a recurrence of symptoms. How the Colchicine Product Works: Gout is a hereditary form of arthritis characterized by increased blood levels of uric acid. Colchicine decreases the inflammatory response to uric acid crystals that occurs in gout. …

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Laxatives – Acting as a Stimulant

Laxatives promote bowel emptying. Nonprescription laxatives are frequently misued due to lack of understanding of normal bowel function. Restrict self ­ medication to short-term therapy of constipation. Chronic use of laxatives (particularly stimulants) may lead to dependence. Prior to laxative use, consider living habits affecting bowel function including disease state …

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Home Pregnancy Test detects the HCG Hormone in Urine

How the it Works Pregnancy home tests detect the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in the urine. HCG is a hormone produced by the placenta during pregnancy. HCG will cause menstruation to stop. HCG slowly builds up in the body and appears in measurable levels in the urine 1 to …

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