Type 2 Diabetes Treatment is about getting a normal blood sugar level, and a good diet plan plays a major role in the well-being and health of diabetics, as it can meet its nutritional needs, to control blood glucose, reaching a weight and blood lipid levels adequate to control the pressure and prevent complications of the disease. In a diabetic, any food program should be adjusted according to the degree of physical activity and medication.
This form is used to provide guidelines on diet for diabetics, but in no way replace a consultation with a trained nutritionist to develop a customized diet plan. Several factors such as type of diabetes (type 1, type 2, gestational), age, male/female, weight, gender and dose of drugs prescribed, and the degree of physical activity influence the dietary recommendations. The Type 2 Diabetes Treatment – Diet Plan shown by the picture below is also be considered as a good Type 2 Diabetes Natural Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes Treatment – Diet Plan Purposes To Control blood sugar levels
Controlling carbohydrate intake. In a diabetic, control carbohydrate intake is of paramount importance. Carbohydrates are found naturally (fruits, dairy, starches, legumes) or are added to foods (sugar, glucose, fructose, dextrose, honey, maple syrup, etc.).. Priority should be given foods containing carbohydrates naturally.
The sugar is added should be consumed in moderation. The latter, somewhat nutritious, hide in the breakfast cereal, yogurt with fruit, salad dressings, condiments, cereal bars, muffins, jams and jellies, cakes, etc.. It is suggested not to consume more than 10% of total calories as carbohydrate added if the glycemic control and lipid is maintained. By cons, if blood glucose and lipid levels were not adequate, a downward revision of added sugars intake should be considered.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan
As a part of Type 2 Diabetes Treatment, here’s a handy chart, but not limited to the carbohydrate content of each food group by exchange. An exchange is a portion which provides fixed amounts of carbohydrates. This trading system is that of the Quebec Diabetes Association. Also included in this table the protein and fat for each exchange.
Nutritional value of food groups according to the exchange system Diabetes Quebec
|Nutritional value for a trade|
-1 slice of bread
-1 / 3 cup (80 mL) cooked pasta
-1 / 3 cup (80 mL) rice , barley, couscous (cooked)
-1 small potato
– ½ cup (125 ml) of pineapple , applesauce, juice of orange
– ½ banana
-15 big raisins
-1 small apple
125 mL vegetable or vegetable juice *
-250 mL of raw leafy vegetables
125 mL of cooked leafy vegetables
-1 cup (250 mL) milk
-1 cup (250 ml) drink soy enriched unflavoured
– ¾ cup (175 mL) yogurt Nature
|12 to 15||8||0 to 9||90 to 160|
|Foods with added sugar
cereal bar -1
– ½ cup (125 ml) ice cream
-2 c. tablespoons (30 mL) barbecue sauce
-1 c. tablespoon (15 ml) maple syrup
|Meat and Alternatives
-30 g (1 oz) of meat, poultry, fish
-2 c. tablespoons (30 mL) butter peanut **
– ½ cup (125 ml) cooked beans ***
-1 c. tsp (5 mL) oil
-1 / 6 of attorney
-1 c. tablespoon (15 ml) of seeds sunflower
-5 olives black middle
|Foods low energy
Condiments, coffee , tea , chocolate milk powder light, broth, etc..
* Consider trade for vegetables only if you need to accurately calculate your carbs, as is the case in people treated with many units of insulin per day. Otherwise, the vegetables can be consumed at will.
** Consider two exchanges of fat in addition to the exchange meat and alternatives.
*** Add an exchange of starch in each serving of legumes, because they contain carbohydrates.
|Calculation of carbohydrate – People with diabetes who want to accurately calculate their total energy expenditure to assess the amount of carbohydrate, protein and fat to eat per day can do so with the help of a nutritionist|
Emphasize carbohydrates low-glycemic
It is now recognized that the inclusion of the index (or index) glycemic (GI) foods, in addition to carbohydrate counting, can bring additional benefits: lower blood glucose, better metabolic control and lipid profile more favorable. This is the conclusion of two meta-analysis 1-2 . Here is a table with some examples of foods with low glycemic index, middle and high. Foods with low glycemic index and glycemic those means are preferred.
|Low GI (less than or equal to 55)
Drink more often *
|Medium GI (56-69)
|High GI (greater than or equal to 70)
Drink less often
– Whole grains stone ground
– Grains mixed heavy
– Whole Wheat
– White bread
– Emperor Roll
– White Bagel
– All Bran ®
– Bran Buds with Psyllium MC
– Oat Bran
– Grapenuts MC
– Shredded Wheat MC
– Bran Flakes
– Corn Flakes
– Rice Krispies ®
– Steamed Rice
– Basmati Rice
– Brown rice
– short grain rice
– Sweet potato
– Red Beans
– White potatoes
– Pea Soup
– Baked Potatoes (Russet)
Source: The glycemic index , the Canadian Diabetes Association
The guide allows exchanges to build a balanced diet plan for diabetics ( Type 2 Diabetes Diet) according to the amount of carbohydrates they can eat.