Steroids are administered to alleviate some of the symptoms of the tumor .They play a role in many important body functions, such as response to stress.The most commonly used steroid for brain tumors and dexamethasone. It is sold under the name Decadron. Some of its major side effects are:
INHIBITION OF CYCLE GONADAL
This is actually a slowdown in the normal functioning of the testicles, which can lead to the reduction of testosterone but also of spermatogenesis. The extent of this phenomenon depends much on the duration of treatment and the product used.
RETENTION HYDRO-SODA/WATER RETENTION
Most cause balance disorders hydro-hélectroliqe. This results in an increase in fluid retention, which is accompanied by a swelling of tissues (edema). The tissues under the eyes and cheeks swell. In the medium term this can lead to an increase in blood pressure.A swelling in the hands, feet or around the face is observed. Avoid tight clothing. Avoid adding salt to food or serving foods that contain a lot of salt (sodium), as processed foods.
These phenomena can occur in men androgen-sensitive, this translates into a swelling mammary glands (gynescomatie) and a tendency to accumulate fat. This problem arises especially at the end of the treatment, as there is at this time the increase in estrogen levels.
DISEASE OF THE SKIN BY STEROIDS
This results in a strong acne, blackheads appear on the chest, back, face.Streaks may appear on the skin due to rapid weight gain and are irreversible.Some problems may develop as acne or appearance of hair on the shoulders and back. Acne usually share when the dose of dexamethasone was reduced. Because they can lead to weight gain, They are irreversible.
There in some people (abuse of androgenic pills), development of aggressive behavior, sometimes violent. One can even see a kind of depression “disease steroids.”.some what like mood swings is a sceneiaor with the patient.
GASTRO INTESTINAL BY STEROIDS
These phenomena appear only when the person uses steroid tablets alkali alpha-17. This results in nausea, vomiting.
This side effect occurs in people predisposed to lose their hair. Acceleration of the fall, which is irreversible
CARDIO VASCULAR INJURY BY STEROIDS
They increase cholesterol and tri glycerin, and in the same case there is a fall in the level of HDL. This can lead to heart disease very dangerous.
In children and adolescents causes a slowdown, welding premature cartilage. And a complete blockage of bone formation.
The assumption that steroids would likely cause or contribute to an enlarged prostate or cancer can not be excluded or confirmed.
Taking them has a very toxic harm to the kidneys and can affect long-term to their operation. This may result in discoloration of urine .
By far the most serious inability to be evacuated bile by the liver, forming a pocket of blood in the liver, cancer …
IRRITATION IN STOMACH: Dexamethasone may cause irritation of the stomach like heartburn.
SLEEP DISORDERS: From light exercise before the night as a walk might help.
INCREASED APPETITE: a huge appetite when the person receives large doses of dexamethasone. As a result, it could take the weight. Most of the excess weight comes from the body retains fluids while taking dexamethasone. Avoid foods that contain large amounts of salt, because they can increase water retention. Keep plenty of low-calorie snacks around, such as fruits and vegetables or popcorn without salt or butter.
INCREASED THIRST AND URINATION This may be a sign of increased blood sugar. In some cases, the dietitian may recommend a low carb diet
WEAKNESS: Your may feel weak or climbing stairs, getting up from the sitting position. This adverse effect should disappear by stopping taking dexamethasone.
ADVERSE EFFECTS OF LONG TERM USE OF STEROIDS
When using them on long term, we must continually increase the dose to maintain the same effect. It can cause serious side effects.
–Bone loss (osteoporosis): You can take some measures to reduce the effects on bone while receiving dexamethasone. Make sure you stay physically active, to the extent possible. Every day the patient must consume enough calcium, an important mineral that is found in the bones, and vitamin D to help the bones absorb calcium.
-High blood pressure: Avoid adding salt to food or serving foods that contain a lot of salt (sodium), as processed foods.
–Muscle loss: The muscles that play a role in standing, walking and arm movements (proximal myopathy) may weaken. Can strengthen the muscles by reducing the dose of dexamethasone. Rehabilitation, such as physiotherapy and occupational therapy can also help.