When you have a cataract in your eye, there was a time when you had to adapt and cope with it as there was not a lot that you could do about it. However, technology has advanced, so you can now reverse this once debilitating condition, and you can have your vision restored. A common treatment for this condition is phacoemulsification with IOL (intraocular lens), and if you are going to have this procedure, below is what you can expect.
A Short Procedure
The procedure to remove the cataract and replace the lens in your eye is relatively short, and it can last from anywhere between fifteen minutes to one house. Unlike other corrective eye surgeries, if you are nervous about the procedure you can opt to have a general anaesthetic so you will be asleep while the surgeon operates.
Going Under The Knife
Whether you are awake for the procedure or you opt to be put to sleep, the first thing the surgeon will do is make an incision. They will make an incision around 2-3 mm in the Limbus, the area between the iris and the cornea. The surgeon will then insert a probe into the incision, and they will use ultrasonic energy to break the lens up into small pieces. They will then use suction to remove all the lens pieces, and once complete, they are ready to insert the new lens.
Inserting The Lens
Once the surgeon has removed all the lens parts, they can then use the probe to place the new lens correctly before unfolding it. They will use a solution to make the lens unfold and ensure that it is correctly placed so that the eye keeps it in place. Once this process is complete, the procedure is finished, and you can start on the road to recovery.
After The Surgery
After the surgery is complete and you are discharged to go home, there are things you need to do to help you recover. You will not be able to carry heavy weights or do strenuous exercise, and you need to try and avoid straining or coughing too heavily. You will need to avoid dust, and you will also not be able to drive for a while. You will have an appointment to see the surgeon one month after it is complete and at three months to check that there are no issues. With a bit of luck, your cataract is now gone, and your new lens restores your vision so you can see better than you have done in years.